Modeling some biological phenomena via the porous media approach

Zoubida Mghazli: Thursday, 18rd Jan at 14:00 Abstract: Many biological systems can be modeled by the ”porous medium approach”, such as the diffusion of nutrients and other macromolecules through and in biological tissues. In this presentation, after a brief introduction to the ”porous medium approach”, we present some biological systems viewed through this approach. This will mainly concern the process of biodegradation of household waste, the Trichoderma fungi and the flow of water in the plant root.

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Finite element trilogy

The Finite Element trilogy was published in the Series Texts in Applied Mathematics by Springer in 2023. Co-authored by Alexandre Ern from the SERENA Team and Jean-Luc Guermond from Texas A&M University, the trilogy comprises three volumes, dealing with fundamental notions of approximation and interpolation (volume I), Galerkin methods, elliptic and mixed PDEs (volume II), and first-order and time-dependent PDEs (volume III). A salient feature is the organization of the trilogy in relatively small chapters (from 12 to 14 pages), thereby facilitating its use as a textbook for teaching graduate level courses and also easing its use as a reference for researchers.        

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Computer-assisted proofs of radial solutions of elliptic systems on R^d

Olivier Hénot: Thursday 23rd Nov at 11:00 Abstract: The talk presents recent work on the rigorous computation of localized radial solutions of semilinear elliptic systems. While there are comprehensive results for scalar equations and some specific classes of elliptic systems, much less is known about these solutions in generic systems of nonlinear elliptic equations. These radial solutions are described by systems of non-autonomous ordinary differential equations. Using an appropriate Lyapunov-Perron operator, we rigorously enclose the centre-stable manifold, which contains the asymptotic behaviour of the profile. We then formulate, as a zero-finding problem, a shooting scheme from the set of initial conditions onto the invariant manifold. By means of a Newton-Kantorovich-type theorem, we obtain sufficient conditions to prove the existence and local uniqueness of a zero in the vicinity of a numerical approximation. We apply this method to prove ground state solutions for the Klein-Gordon equation on R^3, the Swift-Hohenberg equation on R^2, and a FitzHugh-Nagumo system on R^2.

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A Volume-Preserving Reference Map Method for the Level Set Representation

Maxime Theillard: Thursday 16th Nov at 17:00 Abstract: This seminar will present an implicit interface representation, where the geometry is captured by a level set function, and its deformations are reconstructed from the diffeomorphism between the warped and original geometries (the reference map). A key advantage of this representation is that it provides a local estimation of numerical local mass losses. Using this metric, we design a novel projection for the reference map on the space of volume- preserving diffeomorphisms, which results in enhanced but inexact, mass conservation. In the limit of small deviations from this space, the projection is shown to be uniquely defined, and the correction can be computed as the solution of a Poisson problem. The method is analyzed and validated in two and three spatial dimensions. Both the theoretical and computational results show it excels at correcting the mass loss due to inaccuracy in the advection process or the velocity field. This error reduction is particularly impactful for practical applications, such as the simulation of multiphase flows over long time intervals, and offers improved computational exploration capabilities.

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