PhD defense of Guillaume Rosinosky – Elasticity and BPMaaS – 23-1-2019

 Wednesday, January 23 2019 at 14:00 in room A008 in the LORIA.
The jury is composed of :
Reporters:
Walid Gaaloul – full professor at Telecom Sud Paris
Salima Benbernou – full professor at Université Paris Descartes (absent)
Examiners:
Malika Smail – associate professor at Université de Lorraine, LORIA
Parisa Ghodous – full professor at Université Lyon I, LIRIS
Invited:
Duy Tran Quang – manager at Bonitasoft
Supervisors:
François Charoy – full professor at Université de Lorraine, LORIA
Samir Youcef – associate professor at Université de Lorraine, LORIA
Abstract:
The availability of middleware platforms in the cloud, with “transparent” scalability, is a  progress for software developers and integrators. They can develop and deploy their applications without worrying about technical details.
However, the exploitation cost of a cloud infrastructure can quickly become important. Providers requires methods to reduce this cost by adapting the size of ressources to the needs of the customers. In this thesis, we focus on multi-tenant transactional web applications, more precisely on business processes execution engines. We propose methods allowing to optimize the operational costs of providers of business process execution “as a Service”  (BPMaaS) while ensuring a sufficient level of quality of service. This type of application do not scale well because of its persistence tier and of the transactional nature of operations. One must distribute the customers installations in order to optimize the cost, and sometimes move them depending of the needs of the customers.
These moves (or migrations) have an impact on the quality of service and they must be limited. First, we propose a method for measuring the size of resources in terms of  BPM tasks throughput, and then a method for measuring the impact of migrations we  evaluate, thus confirming our hypothesis. We also propose several linear optimization models and heuristics targeting resouce allocation and distribution of customers, while limiting the number of migrations. These models are based on the knowledge of the needs of  customers per time slot. We have experimented our three methods on the BPM solution Bonita, and demonstrated that they provide substantial savings on the infrastructure exploitation compared to a basic method.

ICSOC 2018 paper presentation by Guillaume Rosinosky

A Genetic Algorithm for Cost-Aware Business Processes Execution in the Cloud

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-030-03596-9_13

Quentin Laporte Chabasse et Victorien Elvinger at 4th IEEE International Conference on Collaboration and Internet Computing

Quentin Laporte Chabasse and  Victorien Elvinger are at the 4th IEEE International Conference on Collaboration and Internet Computing to present our work

Link-Sign Prediction in Dynamic Signed Directed Social Networks
Quang-Vinh Dang and Claudia-Lavinia Ignat (Universite ́de Lorraine)

Claudia-Lavinia Ignat is doing a Keynote at CRIWG conference 2018

CRIWG 2018

24th International Conference on Collaboration and Technology

Costa de Caparica, Portugal — September 5-7, 2018

From group to large scale trustworthy distributed collaborative systems

http://criwg2018.csites.fct.unl.pt/keynotes.html

From cognitive psychology to Trust Theory – by Siavash Atarodi – 30/3/2018 – B013

Seminar by Siavash Atarodi

From cognitive psychology to Trust Theory

This thesis, which was part of a European research project, focuses on the problem of the reluctance of elderly people to use ICTs. More specifically, it focuses on the psychosocial factors that influence the attitudes of people aged 62 and over towards ICTs. We conducted six studies in this framework, divided into two areas. The first axis, including two studies, adresses public strategies and practices for orienting older people towards ICTs. In the first one we analyzed the practices of the organizations involved in the orientation of the elderly towards gerontechnologies in the Lorraine region of France. It emerges that the access routes are very different according to the counties and communities, but also according to the first interlocutor requested by the elderly person and his / her relatives. The second study aimed to analyze public strategies and regulations encouraging and facilitating the use of ICT­ based services for the elderly in six regions of Europe. Different stages of development of these strategies emerged and a north / south lag was observed. In the second axis, with four studies, we examined from different angles the factors influencing the attitudes of the elderly towards ICTs. Our third study addressed the perceptions of older persons regarding ICTs and their perceived needs. We identified 22 perceptual items divided into eight components forming a scale of perceptions of ICTs as well as a scale of perceived needs including two components. The fourth study assessed the impact of previous experience with ICTs on perceptions of ICTs. We carried out analyzes of the variance of ICT perceptions depending on whether a computer was owned or not and the follow­up of computer literacy courses. The results showed that computer ownership and course tracking were associated with significantly more positive perceptions of ICTs. The fifth study analyzed the impact of the region of residence on perceptions of ICTs. We compared the perceptions of the elderly in six regions of the EU. We found coherence between public strategies for orienting older people to ICTs and the perceptions of older people regarding ICTs. Finally, our latest study focused on the analysis of factors influencing attitudes toward ICTs for different types of activities. Depending on the dependent variable, different factors were found, including perceptions of ICTs, perceived needs, prior experience, region of residence and socio­demographic variables.

Presentation by Chahrazed Labba : Adaptive Deployment of Multi-Agent Systems on Cloud Environments – 16/3/2017

Adaptive Deployment of Multi-Agent Systems on Cloud Environments

 

Chahrazed Labba

16/3/2017

Abstract:

Multi-agent systems (MAS) are highly dynamic and require powerful computational resources to be properly executed. However, such resources are not available for all organizations due to many reasons such as budget constraints. Thus to support more flexibility and enjoy greater scalability, it is common today to outsource totally or partially various types of applications to the cloud environments. The main challenge in this regard is to ensure an optimal allocation of cloud resources over-time. For MAS, this challenge is deepened due to irregular workload progress and intensive communications between the agents, which may result in high computing and data transfer costs. Our research work contributes to the deployment of MAS on various cloud environments. It proposes a generic pre-deployment method to ensure a cost-efficient adaptive deployment of agent-based systems on various cloud infrastructures. Firstly, we propose a conceptual framework and its operationalization for recommending partitioning algorithms to efficiently distribute MAS on cloud resources. The framework supports the MAS designers in: (i) determining the MAS types based on a set of defined recurrent criteria; (ii) analysing the appropriateness of the partitioning algorithms based on the types of both MAS and target cloud environment; and (iii) providing guidelines to develop new distributed systems. Secondly, we propose a set of new partitioning algorithms that support the deployment of different MAS types on various cloud environments. The algorithms are made up from the combinations of extended versions of two basic graph-based partitioning algorithms, which are Fiduccia-Mattheyses (FM) and Pairwise Movement Fiduccia-Mattheyses algorithms (PMFM). Unlike the existing partitioning algorithms for MAS, the new algorithms support the cloud specifications, allow allocating low cost resources that fulfil the system requirements, and maintain reduced communications costs. Thirdly, our research work provides a prediction process that estimates and optimizes the deployment costs. The process allows monitoring the changes in the MAS requirements in terms of computational resources and invoking, once required, the set of candidate algorithms to enhance the quality of the partitioning. It uses a cost-deployment model to compare the obtained deployment solutions and then recommend the suitable one. To validate our approach, we develop two case studies including the deployment of a crisis evacuation MAS on a hybrid cloud as well as the deployment of a dynamic business process on a cloud federation. Experimental results highlight the efficiency of our approach and show that deployment costs are sensitive to many factors such as the initial deployment, the used partitioning algorithm and the cloud configuration settings.

PresentationChahrazed_LABBA

Presentation by Beatrice Linot – Trust in Computer-Supported Crisis Management Communication 9/2/2018

Title: Trust in Computer-Supported Crisis Management Communication
Speaker: Béatrice Linot, Laboratoire INTERPSY (Psychologie des
Interactions et des Relations Inter-subjective – EA 4432), Université de
Lorraine, LORIA

Abstract:
Communication issues arise in sociotechnical systems despite functioning
communication equipment, generally attributed to the absence of
information sharing. Computer scientists envision a giant virtual
display accessible to all, but little thought has gone into the
principles for selecting, formatting and organizing content to make it
useful. I argue that a model of communication, in which trust is a
central construct, is key to the design of computer-supported crisis
management communication. Drawing on documentation of the Deepwater
Horizon Accident in 2010, I distinguish between data and information,
illustrate the role of trust in both the data interpretation problem,
and the exchange of information between workers with different
responsibilities. To assure that information is trustworthy, successful
computer support for crisis management communication will need to
situate information in the context of prior action and the ongoing plan,
provide information pedigree to establish its validity and manage the
potential decay of information validity over time.

 

 

Vinh Dang Quang defended his PhD : Trust assessment in large-scale collaboration

Committee:
Rapporteurs :
– Wolfgang Prinz Professeur, RWTH Aachen, Allemagne
– Sihem Amer-Yahia Directeur de Recherche, LIG-CNRS, Grenoble
Examinateurs :
– Isabelle Chrisment Professeur, Université de Lorraine, LORIA
– Lionel Brunie Professeur, Insa Lyon
Directeurs :
– Francois Charoy Professeur, Université de Lorraine, LORIA
– Claudia Ignat Chargée de Recherche, Inria Nancy-Grand Est, LORIA

Abstract:
Large-scale collaborative systems wherein a large number of users collaborate to perform a shared task attract a lot of attention from both academic and industry. Trust is an important factor for the success of a large-scale collaboration. It is difficult for end-users to manually assess the trust level of each partner in this collaboration. We study the trust assessment problem and aim to design a computational trust model for collaborative systems.
We focused on three research questions.

1. What is the effect of deploying a trust model and showing trust scores of partners to users? We designed and organized a user-experiment based on trust game, a well-known money-exchange lab-control protocol, wherein we introduced user trust scores. Our comprehensive analysis on user behavior proved that: (i) showing trust score to users encourages collaboration between them significantly at a similar level with showing nick- name, and (ii) users follow the trust score in decision-making. The results suggest that a trust model can be deployed in collaborative systems to assist users.
2. How to calculate trust score between users that experienced a collaboration? We designed a trust model for repeated trust game that computes user trust scores based on their past behavior. We validated our trust model against: (i) simulated data, (ii) human opinion, and (iii) real-world experimental data. We extended our trust model to Wikipedia based on user contributions to the quality of the edited Wikipedia articles. We proposed three machine learning approaches to assess the quality of Wikipedia articles: the first one based on random forest with manually-designed features while the other two ones based on deep learning methods.
3. How to predict trust relation between users that did not interact in the past? Given a network in which the links represent the trust/distrust relations between users, we aim to predict future relations. We proposed an algorithm that takes into account the established time information of the links in the network to predict future user trust/distrust relationships. Our algorithm outperforms state-of-the-art approaches on real-world signed directed social network datasets.
Keywords: collaboration, trust, game theory, machine learning

 

The Coast Team at EDOC 2017

Amina Ahmed Nacer presented her paper at the EDOC 2017 Conference

A Metric for Evaluating the Privacy level of a Business Process Know-How in a Multi-Cloud Deployment

The Coast Team at BPM 2017

Guillaume Rosinosky presented his paper Efficient Migration-Aware Algorithms for Elastic BPMaaS at the BPM Conference