The AROMATH seminar will happen every second Wednesday at 11:00 (FR), except for a few deviations.

The presentations will typically take place at Inria Sophia Antipolis, Byron Blanc 106, and online at https://cutt.ly/aromath.

Click on a talk to see the abstract.

## Evangelos Bartzos - On the number of embeddings of minimally rigid graphs

25 November 2020 –

**Salle Byron Blanc (Y106), Inria**

By definition, a rigid graph in $latex \mathbb{R}^d$ (or on a sphere) has a finite number of embeddings up to rigid motions for a given set of edge length constraints. These embeddings are related to the real solutions of an algebraic system. Naturally, the complex solutions of such systems extend the notion of rigidity to $\mathbb{C}^d$. A major open problem has been to obtain tight upper bounds on the number of embeddings in $\mathbb{C}^d$, for a given number $|V|$ of vertices, which obviously also bound their number in $\mathbb{R}^d$. Moreover, in most known cases, the actual numbers of embeddings in $\mathbb{R}^d$ and $\mathbb{C}^d$ coincide. For decades, only the trivial bound of $O(2^{d\cdot |V|})$ was known on the number of embeddings. Recently, matrix permanent bounds have led to a small improvement for $d\geq 5$.

This work improves upon the existing upper bounds for the number of embeddings in $\mathbb{C}^d$ and $S^d$, by exploiting outdegree-constrained orientations on a graphical construction, where the proof iteratively deletes vertices or vertex paths. For the most important cases of $d=2$ and $d=3$, the new bounds are $O(3.7764^{|V|})$ and $O(6.8399^{|V|})$, respectively. In general, the recent asymptotic bound mentioned above is improved by a factor of $1/ \sqrt{2}$. Besides being the first substantial improvement upon a long-standing upper bound, our method is essentially the first general approach relying on combinatorial arguments rather than algebraic bounds.